To build ecologically means to plan, design, build, use, demolish, recycle and dispose of construction works that are sustainable for people and the environment, and bring environmental and economic benefits.
What does a house that “thinks” about the environment and ecology look like? We have tried to round up the ten most significant principles of green building. Here they are.
- Assess the needs
The construction of a building has an environmental impact, so it is necessary to analyze and assess the needs for space and surfaces, distinguishing between indispensable and optional ones and prioritizing them.
- Design in relation to the local climate
Allows passive utilization of solar energy inputs, optimization of natural lighting, and ventilation with significant energy savings and high climatic comfort.
- Green architecture to save energy
This means achieving direct economic savings. Important factors for energy savings are the ratio of exterior surface area, massing, and thermal insulation of the envelope. Less exterior surface area and good insulation result in less heat loss. Other savings are achieved by employing high-efficiency, energy-efficient systems for ventilation, artificial lighting, and electrical equipment.