The essence of collective dwelling
Living together and sharing, is the essence of collective dwelling; humans have always shared their resources and the need to dwell together since the beginning of the social model that created the first stone man communities in caves. The evolution of the human species has thus carried with it in its development and in the ebbs and flows of history the development of patterns of dwelling, each time modulated by the historical, social, cultural, and economic context that gravitated around the community.
I do not take the time at this moment to mention the various experiments of the sharing of dwellings that we can find in human history through the history of Architecture, in fact, there would be too many to refer to and related to the geographic and temporal differentiation of the communities that inhabit the world and that absolutely asynchronously from each other are nevertheless linked by the evolutionary process but at the same time by continuity, reciprocity and subsidiarity.
The architect, and before him the figures chosen by the community to wear the guise of space creator, have always played a key role in the experimentation and design of shared space and its changing form.
Abstract drawing of the earth’s crust that will be covered in green again after the apocalypse
Shared space for the Architect has various scales, it starts from the infrastructural choices of how to connect communities, moves from urban planning that defines the ground as an element of connection and life, and descends to the architectural one where the front door to the building changes the concept of shared space but does not leave it until the door of the individual housing units, and then repeats it again within them.
Dividing and connecting public and private spaces are the elements in which the Architect expresses all his ability to conceive of human living space and to move the collectivity of life more or less to one side.
If until now we have been able to generate models of more or less collective living, creating interesting and happy but also failed and sad experiences such as most suburbs, it becomes imperative to consider collective living for the success of new models of sustainable development of cities and territories.
New soil or recovery and regeneration?
The well-established concept of land consumption, which I prefer to call non-waste, and the need to regenerate the existing built heritage create a combination that will ultimately reduce the living space square meter/person by concentrating in the same space we are used to considering a greater number of people and activities, hence the ultimate need to think about a new generation of shared living: the condominium of the future.
Abstract Drawing of the reconstruction of green belts around cities to push back the wilderness created after exploiting the world
The stringent concept of the sharing economy for sustainable development has already led our communities to share first services, then mobility, then things, and now it is time also for buildings and especially living in order to improve living conditions and make their impact as little as possible in terms of environment and resources;
Once again everything is moving according to a disrespectful use of the forces in our past that make a virtue of necessity that of changing the way we live, passing through our homes as well: an economic, cultural, and social phenomenon that is now before everyone’s eyes. It is time to rediscover the many models for researching, experimenting, and responding to the demands of a young but extremely demanding client who has made the sharing economy the basis of aggregative development among people.
Living in the future after what?
Another theme than that of collective living, to which it is also necessary to add “of the future,” with which the Architect will have to deal in order to maintain the unquestionably recognized role in history as the creator of space, in all its exceptions.
Thinking about and developing sustainable models of living will be the demand of the young and future generations; principals who will go beyond the concept of the current parceling of land and private property, in favor of a new model of living that respects the planet and is aimed at slowing the irreversible process triggered by climate change.
Abstract drawing of cities that will become floating fortresses when water levels caused by melting glaciers have risen to cover all the land
climate change and pandemic must be regarded as a war event, as an exceptional event that sweeps away the established certainties of living and our ways of life, as if foreshadowing a new post-apocalyptic era in perhaps even unimaginable scenarios that leave room for grand visions and hypotheses.